Tuesday, 29 December 2015

xMOOCs and cMOOCs

"Briefly outline your views and reflections on the distinction between xMOOCs and cMOOCs. Write your reflections on a blogpost."

MOOCs are Massive

One thing that differentiates MOOCS from their predecessors are the scale they operate at. Whereas an institution based online course would be designed with a particular scale of enrolled students in mind, a MOOC is designed from the outset to scale to an undefined and potentially unlimited number of students.

An xMOOC is not dissimilar to the Virtual Learning Environment (VLE) as it represents the same model of operation - a single monolithic system - scaled to allow for use both in and beyond the institution. That doesn't mean the student cannot co-opt it to be part of their Personal Learning Environment (PLE)

A cMOOC is intended from the outset to form part of a PLE - it presents a way for a community of learners to connect and collaborate, but does so in a way that will scale massively.

MOOCS are Open

MOOCs differs from other online learning provision in the premise that they are open to external and internal students without limit.

For an xMOOC this implies that digital materials are made available for use by any potential student, but does not necessarily imply they are Open Educational Resources, or that any rights are given to reuse, modify or redistribute. So Open is in the sense of Access, not License.

For a cMOOC, by it's very nature materials have to be released to students to modify, extend, share and add to. So Open is very much in the sense of Access and License.

MOOCS are Online

Typically an xMOOC will be a single hosted platform, managed by the institution that offers the course.  Methods may be made available to integrate the xMOOC with other platforms or services used by the student (such as facilitating single sign on) but the priority it to ensure that every student sees and interacts with the material in the way the course designers intended.

A cMOOC is by definition a network of different platforms and services used and added to by the student. Students will see and interact with the course in the way they and their peers choose to.

MOOCS are Courses

An xMOOC is based on the premise that during the course the learner will acquire skills and knowledge through interaction with programme.

A cMOOC is intended to act as the network for a group or peers to co-construct their course and acquire knowledge and understanding through interaction.

Table showing the significant differences between xMOOCs and cMOOCs from Li, Olivier and Powell (2014) Beyond MOOCs: Sustainable Online Learning in Institutions. Centre for Educational Technology & Interoperability Standards (Cetis)
Yuan L, Powell S and Olivier B
Available at URL http://publications.cetis.ac.uk/2014/898 (accessed 29/12/15)
Characteristics of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs): A Research Review, 2009-2012 Kennedy J Journal of Interactive Online Learning Volume 13, Number 1, Spring 201 Accessed at URL: http://www.openeducationeuropa.eu/sites/default/files/asset/Characteristics-massive-online-courses-MOOCs.pdf ISSN: 1541-4914 (accessed 29/12/15).

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